Vinod Chandrashekhar Dixit
A resolution was adopted on December 20, 2018, by the assembly to mark June 7 as the day to “celebrate the myriad benefits of safe food”. Through World Food Safety Day, WHO works to mainstream food safety in the public agenda and reduce the burden of foodborne diseases globally. Food is an essential to everyone on the planet. That is why food security is always a crucial issue. It is closely related to household resources, disposable income and socioeconomic status.
Food safety is the level of safety and sanitation of foods from food borne illnesses, illnesses received from eating food that contains germs, bacteria, or viruses. Food safety is very important because there are people all over the world who have received illnesses by eating food that is not safe. There is fact said that food is enough for everyone in the world but because of the great changes which happened rapidly in the world the rate of food become less than before and it is difficult to secure it. Food security is very important to ensure that everyone has enough to eat and families can build their communities without worrying about securing their live. India ranks 74 out of 113 major countries in food security index. Though the available nutritional standard is 100% of the requirement, India lags far behind in terms of quality protein intake at 20% which needs to be tackled by making available protein-rich food products at affordable prices. Food security concerns can be traced back to the experience of the Bengal Famine in 1943 during British colonial rule, during which about 2 million to 3 million people perished due to starvation. India, currently has the largest number of undernourished people in the world i.e. around 195 million.
To draw attention and inspire action to help prevent, detect and manage foodborne risks, contributing to food security, human health, economic prosperity, agriculture, market access, tourism and sustainable development. Access to sufficient amounts of safe food is key to sustaining life and promoting good health. The five main issues of food security are accessibility: is the food accessible to people when they need it, stability: are there enough stable food sources to ensure food for future years, acceptability: is the food acceptable for every diet, culture and country, availability: is the food readily available when needed, and adequacy: is the food safe and nutritious and produced in environmentally sustainable ways.
Foodborne illnesses are usually infectious or toxic in nature and often invisible to the plain eye, caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances entering the body through contaminated food or water. It is estimated that 4,20,000 people around the world die every year after eating contaminated food and children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the foodborne disease burden, with 1,25, 000 deaths every year.
Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain – from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption.
Growth of population will affect on some countries ability to produce food especially in the poor developing countries, so improved nutrition is central to improved income generation, poverty reduction, and provide a good food quality. The right to food is a well established principle of international human rights law. It has evolved to include an obligation for state parties to respect, protect, and fulfil their citizens’ right to food security. What we need is to adopt a policy that brings together diverse issues such as inequality, food diversity, indigenous rights and environmental justice to ensure sustainable food security.
Vinod Chandrashekhar Dixit