National Science Day

Dr. Vikas Sharma
Life without science is a waste !
Just to honor the greatness of science, we celebrate National Science Day with a mission that someday we eradicate the taboos and accept that nature is all about science and science is all about nature.
Science brings about solutions for everyday problems and provides answers to the greatest mysteries of the universe. In other words, science is one of the most important channels of knowledge. It has a specific role, as well as a variety of functions for the benefit of our society: creating new knowledge, improving education and increasing the quality of our lives. A country can evolve thanks to scientists who find new approaches to problems and prove new scientific laws. In this regard, National Science Day is celebrated every year on 28 February to mark the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman on 28 February 1928. It was this discovery that got Sir C.V. Raman a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. The Raman Effect states that when a light wave emerges out of a liquid, a portion of this light wave is distributed in a direction that’s different from the direction of the incoming light wave. Most of this scattered light is of an unchanged wavelength. This research by Dr C.V. Raman thus explains certain phenomena like why seawater looks blue in colour. The Raman Effect is all about the flexible distribution of photon particles.
History: In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
Every year, National Science Day is celebrated with a particular theme that spreads the message about the importance of science. The theme is decided by the Department of Science and Technology. India’s Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Science and Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh, announced the National Science Day (NSD) 2022 theme of ‘Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future’. As stated by the Prime Minister, a four-fold integrated approach in S&T for a Sustainable Future will help us break out of our virtual organization and take a leading position in the global arena. According to Dr. Singh “We must sustain this spirit and use the National Science Day as an opportunity to make a commitment to do so and work with an integrated strategy going forward in order to sustain livelihoods, human life and for India to emerge as a scientific leader”.
Purpose of the Celebration: The main purpose of celebrating National Science Day is to spread the message of importance of science and its application among the people. National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year with following purpose-
• To widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people,
• To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for welfare of human being,
• To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of the science,
• To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country,
• To encourage the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.
Activities on the Day: Students of the schools and colleges demonstrate various science projects as well as national and state science institutions demonstrate their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities.
Life without science is a waste! Do miracles happen? It would be another part of the decision, but if you believe in science, you will always think about the logic behind you. We are lucky enough that we have witnessed some outstanding scientific research, discoveries, and technology. This event indeed marks the extraordinary effort of Sir C. V. Raman in science and discoveries by giving the coming generations a ray of hope and strength to work hard for their dreams. Not to stop with just one discovery in any field, but keep stalking up the nation’s credits in all aspects. Just to honor the greatness of science, we celebrate National Science Day with a mission that someday we eradicate the taboos and accept that nature is all about science and science is all about nature.
(The author is Scientist of Biochemistry, SKUAST-JAMMU, [email protected])