JAMMU: The Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir has the lowest percentage of women in the police force with just 3.31 percent.
This has been revealed in the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs. The report has exposed the big announcements by the successive regimes be it the erstwhile J&K State governments or the present UT administration. Goal of 33 percent reservation of women in Police in J&K still seems to be a distant dream.
As per data available, the actual Strength of Total Police (Civil + District Armed Reserve (DAR) + Special Armed +Indian Reserve Battalion (IRB) in J&K is 80, 938 while the actual strength of women police is just 2,677 (3.31 percent).
Even the newly created Ladakh UT has fared better than the J&K UT. The actual strength of Total Police (Civil + District Armed Reserve (DAR) + Special Armed +Indian Reserve Battalion (IRB) in the UT of Ladakh is 1,673 and the strength of women in police is 309 which is 18.47 percent. Overall, the representation of women in Police forces in the States/UTs has increased from 1.10 lakhs in the year 2014 to 2.15 lakhs in the year 2019.
Only 12 percent of the Indian police were women as of 2020. While many States/UTs have mandated 10 percent to 33 percent reservation for women in the police, not one of these States/UTs have met their goal. The share of women among the higher ranks was even lower at 8.7 percent.
In Bihar, 25 percent of the civil police were women, the highest in the country. Most States have reserved some posts for women in the police force. While 12 percent of the police force were women, their share in the higher ranks (gazetted officers) was even lower at 8.72 percent.
In Kerala, 0.26 percent of gazetted police officers were women, while Chhattisgarh performed relatively better on this count at 18 percent. In Bihar, 25 percent of non-gazetted civil police officers were women, whereas they formed only 8 percent of gazetted officers. Gazetted officers are those above the level of Inspector (ASP, SP, ADSP, AIGP, DIG, IGP, DGP, etc). Inspectors, SIs, ASIs, constables etc. are non-gazetted.
“In line with the Recommendation of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission, vide MHA advisory dated 4th September, 2009, States/UTs were advised to ensure that 33 percent of Police forces are women. This has been reiterated by MHA in its advisories dated 22nd April, 2013 and 12th May, 2015 also”, the report said.