HISTORY TODAY

– 1649 – Cromwell’s New Model Army Sacks Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians.
– 1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
– 1865 – Hundreds of black men and women march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
– 1910 – Piloted by Arch Hoxsey, Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane.
– 1950 – CBS’s field-sequential color system for television is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
– 1958 – NASA launches Pioneer 1, its first space probe, although it fails to achieve a stable orbit.
-1962 – The Second Vatican Council becomes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
– 1968 – NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission.
– 1984 – Aeroflot Flight 3352 crashes into maintenance vehicles upon landing in Omsk, Russia, killing 178.
– 1987 – Start of Operation Pawan by Indian forces in Sri Lanka. Thousands of civilians, insurgents, soldiers die.
-1991 – Prof. Anita Hill delivers her televised testimony concerning sexual harassment during the Clarence Thomas
Supreme Court nomination.