History today

-1933 – Minnie D. Craig becomes the first woman elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first woman to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
– 1946 – Popular Canadian American jockey George Woolf dies in a freak accident during a race; the annual George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award is created to honor him.
– 1949 – The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the central bank of the Philippines, is established.
– 1953 – Frances P. Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
– 1956 – A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
– 1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
– 1977 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
– 1992 – CommutAir Flight 4281 crashes on approach to Adirondack Regional Airport, in Saranac Lake, New York, killing two people.
– 2009 – The first block of the blockchain of the decentralized payment system Bitcoin, called the Genesis block, is established by the creator of the system, Satoshi Nakamoto.
– 2018 – For the first time in history all five major storm surge gates in the Netherlands are closed simultaneously in the wake of a storm.