HISTORY TODAY

 1978-NASA launches HEAO 2.

 1986-NASA launches space vehicle S-199.

 1991 – The Republic of Karelia, an autonomous republic of Russia, is formed from the former Karelian ASSR.

 1942-Ambika Soni, Indian politician belonging to Indian National Congress.

 1951-Gorur Ramaswamy Iyengar Gopinath, Indian entrepreneur, the founder of Air Deccan.

 1917-Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh was one of the most prominent Hindi poets, essayist, literary and political critic.

 1956 – The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery bus boycott.

 1966 – In response to Fatah raids against Israelis near the West Bank border, Israel launches an attack on the village of As-Samu.

 1995 – Nigeria Airways Flight 357 crashes at Kaduna International Airport in Kaduna, Nigeria, killing 11 people and injuring 66.

 2000 – Philippine House Speaker Manny Villar pass- es the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada.