HISTORY TODAY

HISTORY TODAY

– 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States.
– 1943 – World War II: German warship Scharnhorst is sunk off of Norway’s North Cape after a battle against major Royal Navy forces.
– 1944 – World War II: George S. Patton’s Third Army breaks the encirclement of surrounded U.S. forces at Bastogne, Belgium.
– 1948 – Cardinal József Mindszenty is arrested in Hungary and accused of treason and conspiracy.
– 1948 – The last Soviet troops withdraw from North Korea.
– 1966 – The first Kwanzaa is celebrated by Maulana Karenga, the chair of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach.
– 1968 – The Communist Party of the Philippines is established by Jose Maria Sison, breaking away from the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930.
– 1975 – Tu-144, the world’s first commercial supersonic aircraft, surpassing Mach 2, goes into service.
– 1999 – The storm Lothar sweeps across Central Europe, killing 137 and causing US$1.3 billion in damage.
– 2003 – The 6.6 Mw? Bam earthquake shakes southeastern Iran with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving more than 26,000 dead and 30,000 injured.