HISTORY TODAY

 1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

 1890 – Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics opens in Chamonix, in the French Alps, inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.

 1947 – Thomas Goldsmith Jr. files a patent for a “Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device”, the first ever electronic game.

 1949 – The first Emmy Awards are presented; the venue is the Hollywood Athletic Club.

 1961 – In Washington, D.C., President John F. Kennedy deliv- ers the first live presidential television news conference.

 1961 – 101 Dalmatians premiered from Walt Disney Productions.

 1964 – Blue Ribbon Sports, which would later become Nike, is founded by University of Oregon track and field athletes.

 1980 – Mother Teresa is honored with India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.

 1996 – Billy Bailey becomes the last person to be hanged in the U.S.A.

 1998 – A suicide attack by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth kills eight and injures 25 others.

 2005 – A stampede at the Mandhradevi temple in Maharashtra, India kills at least 258.