HISTORY TODAY

HISTORY TODAY

 1536 – Buddhist monks from Kyoto, Japan’s Enryaku-ji
temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout in what
will be known as the Tenbun Hokke
 Disturbance 1645 – Sweden and Denmark sign Peace of
Brömsebro.
 1792 – King Louis XVI of France is formally arrested
by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the
people.
 1889 – William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut is granted
United States Patent Number 408,709 for “Coincontrolled
apparatus for telephones.”
 1913 – First production in the UK of stainless steel by
Harry Brearley.
 1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps
for the first time. Opha May Johnson is the first woman
to enlist.
 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of
Shanghai begins.
 1954 – Radio Pakistan broadcasts the “Qaum? Tarna”, the
national anthem of Pakistan for the first time.
 1961 – Cold War: East Germany closes the border
between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin to
thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West,
and construction of the Berlin Wall is started.
 1967 – Two young women became the first fatal victims
of grizzly bear attacks in the 57-year history of Montana’s
Glacier National Park in separate incidents.
 1969 – The Apollo 11 astronauts enjoy a ticker tape
parade in New York City. That evening, at a state dinner
in Los Angeles, they are awarded the Presidential
Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon.