History today

 1639 – Harvard College is named after clergyman John Harvard.
 1697 – Nojpetén, capital of the last independent Maya kingdom, falls to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
 1741 – The Battle of Cartagena de Indias (part of the War of Jenkins’ Ear) begins.
 1781 – William Herschel discovers Uranus.
 1809 – Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden is deposed in the Coup of 1809.
 1811 – A French and Italian fleet is defeated by a British squadron off the island of Vis in the Adriatic during the Napoleonic Wars.
 1826 – Pope Leo XII publishes the apostolic constitution Quo Graviora in which he renewed the prohibition on Catholics joining freemasonry.
 1845 – Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto receives its première performance in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.