HISTORY TODAY

 1963 – The first push-button telephone goes into service.

 1988 – War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for drug traf- fickers.

 1993 – In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the House of Representatives.

 1993 – In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.

 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.

 2003 – In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, becomes effective.

 2003 – The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.

 2011 – Minecraft is released.

 2012 – Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria becomes the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

 2013 – NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.