HISTORICAL CONNECT: Naiki Devi, the Queen Regent of Gujarat

HISTORICAL CONNECT: Naiki Devi, the Queen Regent of Gujarat

HIRA LAL KAK
JAMMU: She is Naiki Devi, the Queen Regent of Gujarat from 1175; her elder son, Mularaja II was then a minor. in 1178 when Mohommad Ghori marched with a huge army towards Gujarat. A fierce battle ensued at Kayadara near Mount Abu with the Gujarat army led by Naiki Devi. In this battle, Naiki Devi defeated Ghori so badly that the latter never dared to attack Gujarat again. Persian historian Firishta mentions how the Gujarat army defeated Ghori’s forces “with great slaughter”.
Meanwhile, Naiki Devi heard from her spies about the advancing Muslim army towards her capital. She heard their forces were huge. Immediately, she sought help from neighboring feudatory rulers, namely Jalor Chahamana ruler Kirtipala, Arbuda Paramara ruler Dharavarsha, Naddula Chahamana ruler Kelhanadeva, and more. They agreed to help.
Mohammad Ghori camped at Kayadara near Mount Abu and sent a messenger to the court of the Chalukyan queen with a condition that he would not attack, loot, and plunder Gujarat if the queen herself surrendered to Ghori along with her sons and handed over to him all of the gold and women of the Chalukyan kingdom. The queen pretended to agree…..”
Let’s remember our women warriors who defended Dharma and motherland, the embodiment of Shakti.
“With base at Multan, Mohammad Ghori marched with a huge army to Uch, the southern part of Pakistan’s Punjab province. From there the Muslim army crossed the desert and started marching towards Anhilwara, the Chalukyan capital in 1178. 13th century Persian historian Minhaj-i-Siraj wrote about Muhammad of Ghori adva-ncing towards Anahilavada, the Chaulukya capital through the routes Uchchha and Multan. Ghori did learn about Gujarat being ruled by a boy. Little did he know that the Chalukyan army would offer stiff resistance under the leadership of the boy’s mother Naiki Devi!