Renewable energy sources play a vital role in secur- ing sustainable energy with lower emissions and it is an acknowledged fact that renewable energy technologies would significantly cover the electricity demand in future and considerably reduce the harmful emissions. The primary objective of switching over to renewable energy in India is to advance economic devel- opment, improve energy security, improve access to energy, and mitigate climate change. Sustainable devel- opment is possible by use of sustainable energy and by ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for citizens. Strong government support and the increasingly opportune economic situation have already pushed India to be one of the top leaders in the world’s most attractive renewable energy markets. In recent years, India has developed a sustainable path for its energy supply. Awareness of saving energy has been promoted among citizens to increase the use of solar, wind, biomass, waste, and hydropower energies. It is evi- dent that clean energy is less harmful and often cheaper.
India is already aiming to attain 175 GW of renewable energy which would consist of 100 GW from solar energy, 10 GW from bio-power, 60 GW from wind power, and 5 GW from small hydropower plants. It is pertinent to men- tion here that the increasing economic growth of develop- ing nations in the last decade has caused an accelerated increase in energy consumption and this trend is antici- pated to grow. However, it is really an irony that the devel- oped nations despite being responsible for having caused the climate change of today because of their 100 years of relentless carbon emissions are now making all efforts to ensure that they maintain their advantageous position as compared to the rest of the world thus resulting in a situ- ation whereby the developing and the under developed nations will be the worst sufferers. It is a fact that the developing nations including India are much cleaner throughout the development stages as compared to the developed nations. It is in this context that India has been vociferously raising this issue at the global level asking the developing nations to thwart the attempts of devel- oped nations at behaving irresponsibly bothering least about the sufferings of the developing nations. India has already made its concerns and intentions unambiguously clear saying that the developed nations should encourage renewable energy programmes and not put a spoke into it. It would not be wrong to say that the most developed nation of the world today has been the mischief monger behind all such moves that could scuttle the progress of development in the developing nations fearing that it might lose its supremacy as the lone super-power of the world. In this regard India has been leading from the front the global fight against discrimination to which the devel- oping nations are being subjected to by the developed world. It is high time that other nations from across the globe also come forward to join this war against discrimi- nation met out to them at the hands of the developed nations. After all the so called civilized nations can’t be allowed to display hypocrisy by making tall promises dur- ing sermons at global conferences and practicing exactly opposite of the same. It is hoped that collective wisdom will ultimately prevail and both developed and developing nations will do their part in addressing the issue of climate change and will ensure that the developed world does not resort to discrimination of any kind against the developing nations in this global campaign. Moreover, the Union Govt needs to be proactive in ensuring the targets set relating to renewable energy.