December 16th is celebrated as the 51stanniversary of the 1971 India-Pakistan war, the first war after World War-II that the Indian Army won conclu- sively. This day marks a glorious chapter in India’s histo- ry. The day marks the anniversary of military victory of Indian forces over Pakistan in Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. India’s victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971 is celebrated as Vijay Diwas. The war between India and Pakistan started when Pakistan launched air strikes on 11 Indian air bases. In retaliation to this attack, former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered the Indian army to launch war against Pakistan, which India won after fighting for 13 days, resulting in the birth of Bangladesh. On December 16, 1971, around 93,000 Pakistani soldiers had accepted their defeat by raising white flags before surrendering to the Indian Army.
We won because we had the willpower and faith, which led us to victory. India will never forget the fear- lessness with which our courageous soldiers gave a befit- ting and unforgettable reply to the intruders.The Indo- Pakistani war of 1971 which began on December 3 lasted for 13 days and officially ended on December 16, after which Pakistan surrendered to India. Kudos to all Indians and Bangladeshis on this day and salute all the martyers of 1971 and all other wars from both sides. The Indian Army changed the course of history with its undeterred courage, dedication and professionalism, bringing glory and honour to the Nation.It was the first major victory for a young Indian democracy and helped strengthen the con- fidence of the leadership and population. The Indian Army quickly responded to the Pakistan Army’s move- ments in the west and captured around 15,010 kilometres of Pakistan territory.
It was on this day in 1971, that a declaration of cease- fire was brought into force ending the Indo-Pak War and resulting in the birth of the sovereign country of Bangladesh. In this war Indian Army fought as the alliance of Bangladesh’s military MuktiBahini. As the result of this war, East Pakistan emerged as an independ- ent nation with the name Bangladesh. The end of the war also resulted in the unilateral surrender of the Pakistan Army and the subsequent formation of the independent
nation of Bangladesh. This historic victory signifies a unique and unparalleled feat wherein our forces fought selflessly for a just and noble cause: the liberation of the people of erstwhile East Pakistan and the creation of an independent Bangladesh. After India’s independence, Pakistan was formed in two territories, east and west Pakistan. The Bengalis in the east were highly discrimi- nated and their Bengali language wasn’t accepted. There were economic disparities between the two regions, and the power helmed by west Pakistan had created tensions.
There are several reasons for bringing back the victory in the ’71 war into public discourse. It is not only because it was a victory and our armed forces need to be celebrat- ed. Let us not forget the lesson that a nation that ignores its army cannot afford peace.
We respect our soldiers. The courage with which all bravehearts fought the 1971 war, is remembered by every- one. Both India and Bangladesh place a high value on Vijay Diwas. It’s a day set aside to honour the heroic deeds of those who have given their lives to save ours.It is essential that we salute our heroes. We feel secure in our homes because of our armed forces and this is an occasion to remember their courage and sacrifice. Today, if our country is safe and independent, it is because of their efforts. Let us pay tributes to the martyrs who laid down their lives for the nation. We should never forget the sac- rifices they made for us.