Poonch, Rajouri Reasi, Udhampur districts score between 31 to 40 percent in School Education

VIKAS SHARMA

JAMMU : Of total 20 districts in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir, as many as 4 hilly districts (all from Jammu Division) have secured a poor percentage between 31 to 40 percent in terms of performance in School Education.

According to the Performance Grading Index for Districts of India (PGI-D) combined report for 2018-19 and 2019-20 released by Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education, Rajouri district secured overall 222 points out of total 600 followed by Udhampur (218 points), Reasi (195 points) and Poonch (194 points).

The PGI-D structure comprises total weightage of 600 points across 83 indicators, which are grouped under 6 categories viz, Outcomes, Effective Classroom Transaction, Infrastructure Facilities and Student’s Entitlements, School Safety and Child Protection, Digital Learning and Governance Process. These categories are further divided into 12 domains.

In PGI-D, the nomenclature for PGI scores achievable Grade in PGI-D is Daksh total points in that category or overall equal width of 10 percent of total points Grade. Utkarsh is 71 percent to 80 percent, Uttam is 61 percent to 70 percent, Prachesta-3 is 31 percent to 40 percent.  The last one Akanshi- 1 is 21 to 30 percent, Akanshi-2 is 11 percent to 20 percent and Akanshi-3 is for scores up to 10 percent. PGI-D 2019-20 consists of 733 districts whereas PGI-D 2018-19 comprises 725 districts.

Rajouri, Udhampur, Reasi and Poonch districts fall under Prachista-3. In Prachist-2, a total of 16 districts secured a percentage between 41 to 50 percent with less than 300 points out of total 600.  The districts are Bandipora (298 points), Ramban (290 points), Pulwama (284 points), Jammu (283 points), Kupwara (281 points), Budgam (280 points), Shopian (280 points), Anantnag (277 points), Kishtwar (259 points), Samba (253 points), Kathua (252 points) and Doda (242 points).

In Prachesta-1 (51 to 60 percent) there are four districts with more than 300 and less than 400 points. They are Kulgam (324), Ganderbal (315), Srinagar (313) and Baramulla (303). PGI is a relatively new index that measures the performance of States/UTs in School Education. The Department of School Education  and Literacy has so far released a PGI report for States/ UTs for the years 2017-18 to 2019-20. PGI aims to assess the relative performance of all the State/UTs in a uniform scale to encourage State/UTs to perform better.

The PGI has been conceptualized as a tool to catalyse transformational change in the field of School Education. PGI provides insights on the status of School Education in States/UTs, including key levels that drive their performance and critical areas of performance.  The data for PGI-D drawn from several sources, viz., Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE +), National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2017 and data provided by respective districts.

In the last two years, Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the changes required to be made in our existing system in terms of the adoption of digital learning as part of mainstream learning to continue education at home in face of any such crisis. This necessitated a need for a domain on digital learning in PGI-D which is not there in State PGI.