In oily skins, the oil-producing glands are over active. The constant oozing of oil on to the skin surface enlarges and thickens the pores, which can get clogged with hardened oil. That is why oily skins are prone to clogged pores, blackheads, spots, pimples and acne. In winter, the skin becomes dry. Even in oily skin, there is dryness of the outer layer. In order to compensate for the dryness, oily skins tend to produce more sebum, which is the skin’s natural oil. The sebum is a waxy substance, which makes the skin cells stick to each other. This can lead to clogged pores, black- heads and even acne.
Where clogged pores and acne are concerned, pre- vention is better than cure. Cleansing is very important to prevent clogged pores, especially since oily skins attract more impurities. The pores have to be free of hardened oil. Use a cleanser, which is specially formu- lated for normal to oily skins. A cleansing lotion or face wash may be used. For oily skin problems, like spots, pimples and acne use a medicated soap or cleanser, which helps to remove impurities without
disturbing the acid-alkaline balance.
An astringent lotion is also an integral part of cleansing of oily skin, as it not only reduces oiliness, but also shrinks the pores. After washing the face, wipe it with an astringent lotion, using cotton wool. If it is too harsh, mix the astringent lotion with rose water in equal quantities and use it. Or, use a rose- based skin tonic. For oily skins, rose water can be mixed with cucumber juice in equal quantities also helps to cleanse and close the pores.
Exfoliation is an important aspect in the cleansing of oily skins to cleanse the pores. This involves the use of scrubs, which should be rubbed gently on the skin and washed off with water. They help to remove dead skin cells, refining the pores and keeping them free of hardened oil. They also improve the skin texture. You can make a scrub at home by mixing oats with rose water and applying it on the face. Rub gently with cir- cular movements and wash off with water. This not only helps to prevent blackheads, but also to close the pores gradually. However, do not use scrubs on pim- ples and acne. Also, avoid using soap and water sever- al times a day.
You can also mix oats with egg white and apply on the areas with open pores twice a week. Wash it off when it is dry. This would work like a scrub and also tighten the pores. Dry and powdered orange and lemon peels can also be added to facial scrubs and masks.
In winter, an oily skin may also need a moisturiser, since the cold weather tends to aggravate dryness.
However, avoid applying heavy and oily creams. You can apply a light moisturising lotion. Or, apply aloe vera gel. It moisturises the skin without making it oily.
It also makes the skin soft and smooth.
Diet is important. If the system is congested, it reflects on the skin. Keep the system cleansed by including fresh fruits, raw salads, sprouts, whole grains and yogurt in your daily diet. Drink 6 to 8 glass- es of water daily. Add the juice of a lemon to a glass of tepid water and have it first thing in the morning.