 1855 – A locomotive on the Panama Canal Railway runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for the first time.

 1896 – Walter Arnold of East Peckham, Kent, becomes the first person to be convicted of speeding

 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard as a branch of the United States Armed Forces.

 1920 – Foundation of the Spanish Legion.

 1933 – The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali Khan and is accepted by Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.

 1935 – Iceland becomes the first Western country to legal- ize therapeutic abortion.

 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195 at a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph).

 1956 – Elvis Presley makes his first national television appearance.

 1958 – The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.

 1986 – Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission: Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrates after liftoff, killing all seven astronauts on board.

 1988 – In R v Morgentaler the Supreme Court of Canada strikes down all anti-abortion laws.