HISTORY TODAY

 1760 – Ahmad Shah Durrani defeats the Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.

 1793 – Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.

 1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.

 1960 – President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser opens construc- tion on the Aswan Dam by detonating ten tons of dynamite to demolish twenty tons of granite on the east bank of the Nile.

 1965 – The Mirzapur Cadet College formally opens for aca- demic activities in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

 1991 – Representatives from the United States and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful res- olution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

 1992 – The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomers Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail. They discovered two planets orbiting the pulsar PSR 1257+12.
 2007 – Apple CEO Steve Jobs introduces the original iPhone at a Macworld keynote in San Francisco.

 2015 – The perpetrators of the Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris two days earlier are both killed after a hostage situation; a sec- ond hostage situation, related to the Charlie Hebdo shooting, occurs at a Jewish market in Vincennes.