HISTORY TODAY

 1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.

 1912 – The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Empire by royal charter.

 1948 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom becoming an independent republic, named the Union of Burma.

 1958 – Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit.

 1959 – Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.

 1959 – Gypsy opened and closed on Broadway after 120 performances and four previews

 1972 – Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London, England.

 1990 – In Pakistan’s deadliest train accident an over- loaded passenger train collides with an empty freight train, resulting in 307 deaths and 700 injuries.

 2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.

 2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House .

 2010 – The Burj Khalifa, the current tallest building in the world, officially opens in Dubai.