 1911 – “Jana Gana Mana”, the national anthem of India, is first sung in the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.
 1935 – Regina Jonas is ordained as the first female rabbi in the history of Judaism.
 1945 – The International Monetary Fund is created with the signing of an agreement by 29 nations.
 1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean, ending the first orbital manned mission to the Moon.
 1979 – The Soviet Union invades the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
 1996 – Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram Airfield which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul, Afghanistan.
 2004 – Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extraso- lar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.
 2007 – Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated in a shooting incident.
 2008 – Operation Cast Lead: Israel launches 3-week operation on Gaza.
 2019 – Bek Air Flight 2100 crashes during takeoff from Almaty International Airport in Almaty, Kazakhstan, killing 13