 1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.

 1850 – The first National Women’s Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts.

 1939 – The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine “Betty” Bomber makes its maiden flight.

 1955 – The people of the Saar region vote in a refer- endum to unite with Germany instead of France.

 1956 – Secret police shoot several anti-communist protesters, igniting the Hungarian Revolution.

 1970 – Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.

 1973 – Watergate scandal: President Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations.

 1989 – The Hungarian Republic officially replaces the communist Hungarian People’s Republic.

 1991 – Signing of the Paris Peace Accords which ends the Cambodian-Vietnamese War.

 1998 – Israel and the Palestinian Authority sign the Wye River Memorandum.

 2012 – After 38 years, the world’s first teletext serv- ice (BBC’s Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.