 1833 – The national anthem of the Russian Empire, “God Save the Tsar!”, is first performed.

 1898 – Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat sets the first offi- cially recognized land speed record of 39.245 mph (63.159 km/h) in a Jeantaud electric car.

 1935 – The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon.

 1958 – Project SCORE, the world’s first communica- tions satellite, is launched.

 1966 – Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by astronomer Richard Walker.

 1973 – Soviet Soyuz Programme: Soyuz 13, crewed by cosmonauts Valentin Lebedev and Pyotr Klimuk, is launched from Baikonur in the Soviet Union.

 1999 – NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform car- rying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.

 2006 – United Arab Emirates holds its first-ever elec- tions.

 2015 – Kellingley Colliery, the last deep coal mine in Great Britain, closes.

 2018 – List of bolides: A meteor exploded over the Bering Sea with a force over 10 times greater than the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945.

 2019 – The United States House of Representatives votes in support of the impeachment of Donald Trump.