 1773 – American Revolution: Boston Tea Party: Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawk Indians dump hun- dreds of crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act.

 1782 – British East India Company: Hada and Mada Miah lead the first anti-British uprising in the subcontinent against Robert Lindsay and his contingents in Sylhet Shahi Eidgah.

 1903 – Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel in Bombay first opens its doors to guests. ]

 1947 – William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain build the first practical point-contact transistor.

 1968 – Second Vatican Council: Official revocation of the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain.

 1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: The ceasefire of the Pakistan Army brings an end to both conflicts. This is commemorated annually as Victory Day in Bangladesh, and as Vijay Diwas in India.

 1979 – Libya joins four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices, which has an immediate, dramatic effect on the United States.

 1991 – Kazakhstan declares independence from the Soviet Union.

 2014 – Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan militants attacked an Army Public School in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing 145 people, most- ly schoolchildren.