HISTORY TODAY

 1911 – Roald Amundsen’s team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole. ]

 1948 – Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. and Estle Ray Mann are granted a patent for their cathode-ray tube amusement device, the earliest known interactive electronic game.

 1955 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Ceylon, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations through United Nations Security Council Resolution 109.

 1958 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first to reach the southern pole of inaccessibility.

 1960 – Convention against Discrimination in Education of UNESCO is adopted.  1962 – NASA’s Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.

 1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War: Over 200 of East Pakistan’s intellectuals are executed by the Pakistan Army and their local allies. (The date is commemorat- ed in Bangladesh as Martyred Intellectuals Day.)