 1934 – The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.

 1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its first chairman.

 1982 – Michael Jackson’s sixth solo studio album, Thriller, is released worldwide, ultimately to become the best-selling record album in history.

 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland and speaks in favour of the “Northern Ireland peace process” to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall; he calls ter- rorists “yesterday’s men”.

 1999 – Exxon and Mobil sign a US$73.7 billion agree- ment to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world’s largest company.

 2000 – NASA launches STS-97, the 101st Space Shuttle mission.

 2001 – Gary Ridgway is apprehended and charged with four murders as the Green River Killer.

 2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

 2018 – A magnitude 7.1 earthquake with its epicenter only 15 miles from Anchorage, Alaska causes significant property damage but no deaths.