 1949 – The Constituent Assembly of India adopts the constitution presented by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

 1965 – At the Hammaguir launch facility in the Algerian Sahara, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, Asterix-1, on board.

 1983 – Brink’s-Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from the Brink’s- Mat vault at Heathrow Airport.

 1998 – Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Oireachtas, the par- liament of the Republic of Ireland.

 2003 – The Concorde makes its final flight, over Bristol, England.

 2004 – The last Po?ouli (Black-faced honeycreeper) dies
of avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda, Hawaii, before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct.

 2008 – Mumbai attacks by Lashkar-e-Taiba.

 2011 – NATO attack in Pakistan: NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani check post in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others.

 2011 – The Mars Science Laboratory launches to Mars with the Curiosity Rover.

 2019 – A magnitude 6.4 earthquake strikes western Albania leaving at least 52 people dead and over 1000 injured. This was the world’s deadliest earthquake of 2019, and the deadliest to strike the country in 99 years.

 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic: The World Health Organization identifies the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron vari- ant.