JAMMU : Of total enrollment of 2323395 children enrolled in schools from Grade I to XII in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir, as many as 19867 (0.86 percent) Children with Special Needs (CWSN) or Divyang Children have been enrolled in the schools in 2021-22. Similarly, in the UT of Ladakh, total 49070 Children are enrolled in the schools out of which 1052 (2.14) Divyang Children are enrolled in schools.
The information was given by the Minister of State for Education, Annpurna Devi in the Lok Sabha recently. As per Unified District Information System For Education (UDISE) 2021-22, CWSN enrollment is 0.89 percent of total enrollment of children. Overall, the total enrollment of children in schools across the country is 255740623 out of which 2266794 Divyang Children are enrolled in the schools.
As per UDISE report, only 4280 schools have the facility of Ramp and Handrails. Just 1236 schools have toilet facilities for CWSN in J&K UT which is a real cause of concern.
“The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 enshrines the entitlement to free and compulsory elementary education, access to school and barrier free access for all children including Divyang children. Section 3(2) of the RTE Act lays emphasis on the elementary education of all differently abled children in all States/UTs”, school education experts said.
“Under Samagra Shiksha, there is a dedicated component for Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) through which various provisions are made available for the educational needs of differently abled children such as, identification & assessment camps, provision of aids, appliances, assistive devices, teaching learning materials (TLMs), ICT resources like JAWS & SAFA, as well as transportation, escort and scribe allowances and stipend for all girls with special needs (from I to XII). Further, individualized support is provided through therapeutic interventions at the block level”, they added.
“CWSN with severe impairment requiring individualized attention are provided home based education through special educators. A separate provision for financial support of Special Educators has been made under Samagara Shiksha in order to appropriately address the educational requirements of children with special needs from elementary to higher secondary levels”, school education experts maintained.